In hope of liberty : culture, community, and protest among northern free Blacks, 1700-1860 / James Oliver Horton, Lois E. Horton.
by
 
Horton, James Oliver.

Title
In hope of liberty : culture, community, and protest among northern free Blacks, 1700-1860 / James Oliver Horton, Lois E. Horton.

Personal Author
Horton, James Oliver.

Publication
New York : Oxford University Press, 1997.

Publication Date
1997

ISBN
9780195047325

Bibliography Note
Includes bibliographical references (pages 271-323) and index.

Contents
Slavery and slave trading in the colonial north -- Culture, race, and class in the colonial north -- Revolution and the abolition of northern slavery -- A life in freedom : the evolution of family and household -- Coping with urban life : poverty, work, and regional differences -- Sustaining and serving the community : building institutions for social and spiritual welfare -- Culture, politics, and the issue of African-American identity -- Ambivalent identity : colonization and the question of emigration -- The growth of the antebellum antislavery movement -- The widening struggle, growing militancy, and the hope of liberty for all.

Abstract
Prince Hall, a black veteran of the American Revolution, was insulted and disappointed but probably not surprised when white officials refused his offer of help. He had volunteered a troop of 700 Boston area blacks to help quell a rebellion of western Massachusetts farmers led by Daniel Shays during the economic turmoil in the uncertain period following independence. Many African Americans had fought for America's liberty and their own in the Revolution, but their place in the new nation was unresolved. As slavery was abolished in the North, free blacks gained greater opportunities, but still faced a long struggle against limits to their freedom, against discrimination, and against southern slavery. The lives of these men and women are vividly described in In Hope of Liberty, spanning the 200 years and eight generations from the colonial slave trade to the Civil War.
 
In this marvelously peopled history, James and Lois Horton introduce us to a rich cast of characters. There are familiar historical figures such as Crispus Attucks, a leader of the Boston Massacre and one of the first casualties of the American Revolution; Sojourner Truth, former slave and eloquent antislavery and women's rights activist whose own family had been broken by slavery when her son became a wedding present for her owner's daughter; and Prince Whipple, George Washington's aide, easily recognizable in the portrait of Washington crossing the Delaware River.
 
And there are the countless men and women who struggled to lead their daily lives with courage and dignity: Zilpha Elaw, a visionary revivalist who preached before crowds of thousands; David James Peck, the first black to graduate from an American medical school in 1848; Paul Cuffe, a successful seafaring merchant who became an ardent supporter of the black African colonization movement; and Nancy Prince, at eighteen the effective head of a scattered household of four siblings, each boarded in different homes, who at twenty-five was formally presented to the Russian court.
 
In a seamless narrative weaving together all these stories and more, the Hortons describe the complex networks, both formal and informal, that made up free black society, from the black churches, which provided a sense of community and served as a training ground for black leaders and political action, to the countless newspapers which spoke eloquently of their aspirations for blacks and played an active role in the antislavery movement, to the informal networks which allowed far-flung families to maintain contact, and which provided support and aid to needy members of the free black community and to fugitives from the South. Finally, they describe the vital role of the black family, the cornerstone of this variegated and complex community.

Content Type
text

Carrier Type
volume

Local Note
MSU -- Lincolniana copy inscribed to Frank Williams from Jim and Lois Horton.

MSU Collections
MSU -- Frank and Virginia Williams Collection of Lincolniana (Mississippi State University. Libraries)

Added Author
Horton, Lois E.

Added Corporate Author
Frank and Virginia Williams Collection of Lincolniana (Mississippi State University. Libraries)

Language
English

Subject
African Americans -- History -- To 1863.
 
Free African Americans -- History.


LibraryCall NumberFormatItem NotesStatus
MSU-Mitchell Memorial LibraryE185 .H644 1997BookCirculating Collection
MSU-U.S. Grant Presidential LibraryE185 .H644 1997BookFrank and Virginia Williams Collection of Lincolniana -- Civil War and Collateral CollectionClimate Control Room